Merely keeping a pet is not enough.
The owner has to take good care of it in order keep the pet healthy. However, despite taking measures, diseases are unavoidable. So the best thing one can do is to keep checking on the possible symptoms and signs of the diseases that can probably occur in a pet dog. Diseases can be viral, bacterial or can be due to metabolic dysfunction. A diagnosis is very important for the proper treatment to be carried out.
Many things can bring about a change in a dog’s health. These include exposure to harsh climatic conditions, sudden change of weather, lack of enough rest or sufficient exercise.
Failure to give proper immunization shots and genetic weaknesses can also bring about illness among dogs. Some diseases affecting dogs such rabies and leptospirosis are transmitted to human beings as well.
A dog’s illness can be diagnosed by noticing sudden or unusual changes in its behavior patterns.
- Does your dog seem sullen and depressed?
- Does it seem to be disoriented and refuses to take in regular meals?
- Is it losing balance and gradually becoming more aggressive?
If the answer to all these questions is yes, then you must see the vet. Other symptoms include drinking liters of water, which may indicate kidney and liver problems and diabetes as well. Lethargy is another subtle sign of dog’s illness.
Though it can be a result of exhaustion or just feeling out of sorts, continuous lethargy can damage a dog’s health.
Symptoms to look out for
Remember, that a dog’s stool is the key to its health. Firm, small and moist stool indicates good health whereas hard and dry ones are indicative of dietary problems. It is advisable that you keep a regular check on your dog’s health and visit the vet for regular medical check ups.
Some of the common symptoms of illness are loss or gain in weight, loss of appetite, and changes in overall conduct. Even if it is a negligible percentage of loss or gain in weight, you must bring it to the notice of the veterinary doctor.
If your dog suddenly is not eating the food, or is attacking the garbage for some other kinds of food, you know that your dog is not feeling good. If your dog is drinking too much water of late, then it might be an early sign of a kidney problem or diabetes.
Moreover, the skin of a healthy dog is shiny and glossy covered with fur. If you notice any kind of dryness or bald patches, then these might be cases of allergy or skin diseases.
Another very conspicuous sign is lethargy. A dog is normally extremely cheerful and energetic. So, when it does not want to play or go out for a walk, it means that it is not feeling well.
This needs immediate consultation with your veterinary doctor. Occasional vomiting is common in dogs. However, if your dog vomits continuously and if there is any amount of blood in it, then it calls for an emergency treatment for your dog.
Finally, you need to examine the stool of your pet once in a while as mentioned earlier in the article. Normally a healthy dog’s stool will be moist and firm. If it is not so for consecutively 2-3 days, then you need to summon the doctor.